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Learn the Lingo: 26 Basic Terms to Know When Talking Tech

Have you ever wondered what the '404 error message' is that pops up sometimes? Have you ever actually Googled the definition of 'Cookies' because obviously they're not the ones you eat with milk. OR do you really know what 'Ethernet' is?


In this month's LinkedIn article we're going to give you '26' basic terms to know when talking tech.

PRO TIP: Keep this guide so that the next time you have to call your tech guy to look at your computer, you'll know a little of what he's talking about.

  1. 404: When you search the web and see the 404 error page(s), you’re trying to reach a page that doesn’t exist. This will typically happen when a web page has been deleted or if you mistyped the URL you’re trying to visit.

  2. 301 Redirect: A permanent 301 redirect from one URL to another. This will typically occur from a business’ old website to their new one. They’re also used to redirect web traffic from old web pages to their replacement.

  3. Cache: A set of saved files on your disk that help your browser display pages you have visited more quickly. This will display the files from your hard disk instead of the web page.

  4. Cookies: files created by websites you visit. This means that with. Cookies, stirs can keep you logged in, remember your site preferences, and give you relevant content.

  5. Disaster Recovery Plan: A plan that helps a company prepare in the event that its website crashes or something happens to the webmaster. Examples include hard drive failures, viruses, hackers, etc.

  6. IP Address (Internet Protocol address): A numerical label assigned to each device that’s connected to a computer network that uses the IP address for communication purposes.

  7. Site Map: Site maps show a hierarchical view of a website’s pages and contents. Meaning it helps web designers know what content is needed on a site before they begin their work.

  8. Firewalls: Systems to protect and secure a network. Firewalls protect everything from commercial web service to your home WiFi network from outside security risks.

  9. Routers: Devices used to connect your personal computers and devices to the internet via a provider like cable or Suddenlink.

  10. VPN (Virtual Private Number): Networks that allow public internet connections to be used as private networks as a way to improve security measures. Meaning that when you use a VPN, you’re still able to access the internet through the public network, you’re just shielded by the VPN.

  11. Bandwidth: A measurement of the amount of data that can be transmitted over a network at any point in time. Think of it this way: the higher the network’s bandwidth, the higher the volume of data that can be transmitted.

  12. Domain: This one’s pretty simple, it’s part of an internet address! Examples include: com, edu, gov, net…)

  13. Endpoint Security: The practice of securing endpoints (aka entry points) of end-user devices such as laptops, mobile devices, and tablets from being exploited for malicious intent.

  14. Ethernet: The traditional tech used for connecting devices in a wired local network or wide area network. It allows devices to communication with each other through a specific protocol.

  15. Ethernet Card: An adapter card that goes into a computer and connects to ethernet cabling.

  16. ISP (Internet Service Provider): Your ISP is your Internet Service Provider!

  17. Network Adapter: A special device that connects your computer to a network. (AKA adapter card or network interface card)

  18. Ransomware: Malicious software, or malware, that’s designed to deny access to a computer system or data until a ransom is paid. This typically spreads through phishing emails or by visiting an infected website.

  19. RAM (Random Access Memory): RAM provides space for your computer to read and write data so that your CPU can find it fast and easily.

  20. Risk Assessment: A thorough analysis that is done to identify potentially catastrophic events that may negatively impact a business’ operations.

  21. Risk Management: This aims to identify potential risks to your technology before they occur, and then implement a plan on how to address those technology risks.

  22. Cloud: The place where you can store data on a different server and access it via a network.

  23. Private Cloud: The private cloud limits accessibility to only a single user organization.

  24. Public Cloud: The public cloud is accessible by the public and allows you to store data and access it via the internet.

  25. Hybrid Cloud: This cloud storage is a combo of both public and private storage. This type of infrastructure combines public and private clouds so data can be shared across all environments.

  26. Metadata: Plain and simple, metadata is data about other data! To define it more clearly, it is a set of data that describes and gives info about other data. For example, image file metadata can include the creation date, image resolution and the file’s size.

There you have it! 26 terms you should know when talking about technology.

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